There are many different reasons why some toys are marked as dangerous. This refers to the chemical structure, risks from injuries, burns and suffocation.
According to the research conducted by the Ecology Center, every fifth toy contains lead which is very harmful and dangerous for the nervous system. On the other hand, the harmful plastic toys release toxic substances and carcinogenic chemicals once they come in direct contact with the body fluids.
There are many toxic chemicals which mustn’t be contained in the toys, like bromine, mercury, lead, cadmium, antimony, arsenic, chromic, cobalt, nickel and tin. Those chemicals are allergens, carcinogenic or can be harmful for the health in dependence o the concentration and the level of exposure.
In order to be sure that the toys you are buying for your children are safe, you should consider the following:
- Every ingredient included in the toy’s structure should be listed on the labels.
- Check the names of the manufacturer and the importer.
- Choose trusted and verified manufacturers and importers of toys.
- Avoid the toys made from PVC plastic.
The shiny substance contained in the clothes accessories is polyvinyl-chloride or also known as PVC. PVC is made from the plastic waste and may contain phthalates, substances that are added in the plastic in order to increase the flexibility. These substances have the same effect on people as the asbestos has.
The toys that are made from PVC are disallowed in Europe, while some companies in the United States decided to stop producing them voluntarily. Yet, China produces PVC toys in large quantities.
You should look for a marking for PVC recycling (V3). In this way you will know if the toy is made from this substance or not.
Though parents think that the wooden toys are completely safe, dangerous substances can be found even in these toys. Some of the dangerous substances include formaldehyde, nickel, PAU, nonylphenol and organic tin compounds.
Dyes and chalks aren’t toxic if they contain the marking ASTM D4236.
Look for a certificate from the country of origin and the marking that says “tested” which means that the quality of this product has been approved by the government agency.